This course gives an overview of the polymer field from the synthesis of polymers to characterization, properties, and applications of polymers. All major synthetic methods are considered: step (condensation) polymerization, chain (addition) polymerization with ionic and radical variations, copolymerization, stereospecific polymerization, ring-opening polymerization, and synthetic reactions on formed polymers. Emphasis is placed on how the various synthetic methods are used to control structural features such as molecular weight, branching, crosslinking, and crystallinity. Among the properties that are analyzed are polymer solubility, molecular weight and molecular weight distribution, crystallinity (versus amorphous behavior), transition temperatures, mechanical properties, and the processing of polymers into useful products. The effect of molecular structure on these properties and the utilization of polymers are discussed in detail.